What is Cyber Crime and Types of Cyber Crime
In 2020-2021, we all have witnessed the impact of the online world, social media is at our fingertips now. Whether a child or a homemaker or a businessman, everybody seems to be spending most of the time taking part in online activities, such as shopping, gaming, entertainment, etc.
Because of this, we have a major rise in the number of increasing cyber crimes in the world, that too just in the past couples of years.
In this article, we are going to talk about what is cybercrime and how you are always on the radar of such crimes.
Let’s talk about the increasing cases of cyber crimes in the world, and how to secure yourself from these cybercriminals.
Cybercrimes are crimes committed using electronic mediums such as laptops, phones, etc. through the internet.
A cybercriminal can get access to all our personal information such as debit cards, credit cards, bank account details using the internet and computer.
Cybercriminals usually attack either your financial health or the security of you and your family.
If anyone electronically forwards or publishes any sexually explicit content, then that is also cybercrime.
Online bullying, online death or rape threats, online blackmail, online fraud, are all examples of cybercrimes, but there is more to it, and we are going to explain all the crimes that you face every day might not be aware of.
Types of Cybercrime
1. Cyber Harassment
Cyber harassment is an unwelcoming physical contact involving explicit sexual favour, anybody demanding sexual favour, making sexually coloured remarks, forcibly showing pornography, or any other unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature are all cases of cyber harassment.
2. Cyber Stalking
Cyberstalking generally victimizes you through websites, chat rooms, discussion forums, and emails.
Whenever someone unknown sending you continuous spam emails or are disturbing you by messaging on Facebook or Instagram, sends you blackmailing or threatening messages then those are all cases of cyberstalking which should be immediately reported to the police.
3. Cyber Defamation
Cyber defamation is using derogatory, defamatory, and obscene material or language towards another person and when deformation takes place with the help of computers or the internet, it is cyber defamation.
All cases where people write negative comments spoiling someone’s public image or making sexual comments or abusive language for a particular person, these all are the cases of cyber defamation.
4. E-mail Spoofing
Email spoofing is a term used to describe fraudulent email activity in which the sender, address, and other parts of the email header are altered to appear as though the email originated from a different source.
Cybercriminals often use this method to extract personal information and private images from unsuspecting women, then these images are used to blackmail those women.
5. Hacking and Phishing
Hacking and Phishing involves cases, where your computer system of device or computer resources is used by an unknown without your permission in such a resource or data, is stolen from your systems such as stealing your programs or stealing your codes or credit or debit card bank details.
Morphing involves editing the original picture by an unauthorized user when an unauthorized user with a fake identity downloads the victim’s pictures and then /admin/uploads or reloads them after editing.
7. Cyber Pornography
Cyber pornography refers to the portrayal of sexual material on the web. This is another threat to the females as they never know which action of theirs is being recorded and would later end up on the internet.
Cybersex similarly is a term when one person uses coercion or fraud to obtain obscene images or videos via the internet, this method is often used by cybercriminals to extract personal information and private images, and then these images are used t blackmail women just as morphing.
Cyberbullying is wilful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, or other electronic devices by sending threatening messages.
If you believe you have been the victim of Internet fraud or cybercrime, report it to the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3). Or, if you use the FBI's online TIPS form, they will forward your complaint to federal, state, local or international law enforcement.
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