Types of Spoofing Attack
Here are the most common types of spoofing attacks-
1. Email Spoofing
2. Website Spoofing
3. ARP Spoofing
4. MAC Spoofing
5. IP Spoofing
6. DNS Spoofing
7. Caller ID Spoofing
8. Text Message Spoofing
9. Extension spoofing
10. GPS Spoofing
This is the most common type of spoofing attack where the attacker targets the victim using email communication. Email spoofing is a trick used by many hackers to hide their real email addresses which are mostly used in phishing scams.
It is basically a practice to fool the victim into thinking that the mail has come from another person or organization they can trust and they may also be a victim of the attack that the hacker intends to do. The fake email can be used to distribute anything from adware, ransomware, Trojans, cryptojackers, or malware.
Website spoofing is about legitimizing a malicious website. A website spoofing is an attack when an attacker creates a fake or spoofed website that looks similar to the real website of a trusted organization.
This website spoofing attacker attempts to steal your account password or other confidential information by making you believe that you are on a legitimate website. and clicking on any malicious links, so that the attacker can insert a computer virus or malware into your computer.
ARP spoofing works by 'tricking' the switch into thinking that all MAC addresses are on the port the attacker is plugged into, therefore passing all packets through it and making him the 'man in the middle.
MAC stands for Media Access Control. MAC spoofing is a technique for changing the factory-assigned MAC address of a network interface on a network device. The hard-coded MAC address on the Network Interface Controller (NIC) cannot be changed. However, many drivers allow changing the MAC address.
Of the many types of spoofing attacks, IP spoofing is the most common. IP spoofing is a specific type of cyber attack in which an attacker attempts to use a computer, device, or network to masquerade as a legitimate entity on other computer networks. It is one of the tools hackers use to gain access to computers for sensitive data, turning them into zombies (computers taken for malicious use), or denial-of-service (DoS) ) launches attacks.
DNS spoofing is also known as DNS cache poisoning. It is a form of computer security hacking in which corrupt Domain Name System data is introduced into the DNS resolver's cache, causing the name server to return incorrect result records, e.g. an IP address. This results in traffic being diverted to the attacker's computer or to another computer.
Caller ID Spoofing
Call spoofing is falsifying a caller's information that appears on another person's caller ID when a spoofer calls. This could be a harmless prank or an attempt by malicious individuals to trick unintentional victims into revealing personal information or transferring money.
For example, a fraudster may target someone they think is gullible, pretending to have a medical emergency and asking for money. This is done over the phone and the victim's caller ID can show the number of an acquaintance or family member. When the victim inadvertently transfers money out of compassion, the fraudsters disappear.
It is an excellent social engineering technique aimed at exploiting the compassion and gullibility of people.
Text Message Spoofing
SMS spoofing is a technique that allows us to alter the sender information on the text sent via the SMS (Short Message Service) System. SMS text messages are used by cell phones, personal digital assistants, and similar devices and are commonly referred to simply as text messaging.
When you send spoofed text, they replace the original mobile number (Sender ID) with alphanumeric text. In simple words, SMS spoofing allows you to change the sender's display number. Since it allows you to change originator details, it is also considered "SMS originator spoofing".
It is a well-known fact that malware that uses social engineering tricks is designed to disguise itself from being an obvious executable. Malicious attachments are sent with specially crafted symbols that pretend to be genuine document files. In addition, they often use double extensions.
GPS stands for Global positioning system. It is a technology that is now the standard way for commuters to get from point A to point B efficiently. While GPS offers unique opportunities for businesses and individuals, there are some drawbacks to using this technology. GPS devices can be vulnerable to cyber-attacks through GPS spoofing
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