Top 10 Social Issues that We Should Know About
The world is changing, countries are developing, but there are few things that are still not changing. And we know this, but what we are doing? We are just simply ignoring these things.
You might be confusing what I am saying!
I am talking about social issues which are forcing our world backward.
Believe it or not, but it is true.
In this article, we are going to discuss some social issues that matter to our society, and we should know everything about them. We want everything perfect, but we do nothing to make things perfect.
Top 10 Social Issues that Need Attention
When you think about poverty, what comes to your mind? This is probably the image of a person who does not have good enough food to eat, or he/she is homeless.
A definition of poverty is, when a person is not able to access basic needs like- food, clothes, health care, home, education, etc.
When we talk of development, we used to think of smart cars, smart homes, big buildings but this is not development. When each and every person is able to buy the basic things, then it is called development. So we need to focus on how to stop poverty?
Do you know how many people live in poverty in the world?
Estimates for global poverty shows that all around the world 9.2% or 689 million people live in extreme poverty. Do you have any idea that 22,000 children die each day because of poverty (According to UNICEF). The health of the poorest people worldwide is the worst.
To understand the basic definition of poverty, what is poverty? Types of poverty, what is the major cause of poverty? What are the effects of poverty on society? What are the best ways to reduce poverty? And poverty statistics, you can check out our article on poverty.
2. Hunger and Food Insecurity
Hunger is defined as when a person does not get food for a long time and feels a personal and physical feeling of restlessness while food insecurity is defined as when a person is not able to access enough food for an active and healthy life.
40 million people including 12.5 million children in the US are food insecure. Hunger Report shows that globally 821 million people are suffering from persistent hunger.
Every year, about 9 million people die of hunger and hunger-related diseases. These death tolls are much higher than the combined deaths of AIDS, malaria, and TB.
This problem is not because of lack of food; rather it is because of continuous poverty and government ignorance towards this problem.
This problem can be easily solve if governments make a proper management/strategy. Also, we can not totally dependent on government; if you see a hungry person, you should feed them.
We all know that healthcare is a fundamental right of every human being; still, Health Care access is a considerable social problem that affects many people today. Every year, health care expenses keep growing, so it's almost impossible to expect that lower-income families can manage sufficient health care.
You will be shocked to know that more than 95% of the world's population suffers from health problems, with more than one-third having more than five diseases.
In low and middle-income countries, 6 out of 10 people die due to low-quality healthcare. About 5 million people die every year due to lack of standard quality healthcare access.
Our society is not willing to give more support to low-income families and senior citizens. We are not more open to saving those lives of individuals struggling to provide themselves and their families with sufficient health care.
Under the name of development, we are sacrificing our environment. The harsh truth is we are destroying the future of our next generation.
Many things useful to humans are responsible for pollution.
Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment. For example — cars spew pollutants from their exhaust pipes and burning coal to generate electricity causes air pollution. The garbage from industries and homes causes land and water pollution.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), 7 million people die each year due to air pollution.
Pollution is affecting 91% of the world's population.
5. Climate Change
Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather pattern of the Earth's local, regional and global climate.
Pollution is the major reason behind climate change.
As climate change continues to worsen, dangerous weather events are becoming more severe.
For example, more frequent and intense droughts, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, glacier melting, and warming of the oceans can directly harm humans, animals, and the earth.
150,000 people die every year due to climate change.
6. Women's Safety
Nowadays, women's safety is the biggest problem.
According to published estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 1 in 3 (30%) of women globally suffer either physical / sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. The majority of this violence is intimate partner violence.
Every year around 150 million girls worldwide are raped or subjected to sexual violence, usually by a member of their family. More than 700 million women living today were married as children under the age of 18. Worldwide, 5,000 so-called suicides are reported every year.
We need to pay attention to this topic. Crimes against women are a blot on our conscience and our world. We should leave no stone unturned to punish the perpetrators of such crimes.
7. Civil Rights and Racial Discrimination
Civil rights is a broad and important set of rights designed to protect individuals from inappropriate behavior. Under the law, Civil Rights guarantee equal social opportunities and protection, regardless of race, religion, and other characteristics.
Examples are fair trials, voting rights, government services, and public education. Unlike civil liberties, which are government-protected freedoms of restrictions, civil rights are often protected by affirmative governmental action in the form of legislation.
Racial discrimination is found in many countries in the world. It includes hatred or discrimination towards someone because of their colour and nationality. At times, people made a joke of, because of their looks. Sometimes, people are also excluded from certain groups or activities because of their origin.
The Lack of knowledge of Civil Rights is a big issue nowadays. If you have no idea about your fundamental rights, then anyone take advantage of you.
Right now, 2 billion people are living without basic sanitation.
These challenges are making a significant hurdle for women in the world today.
According to the united nation, one-third of primary schools have no basic hygiene and sanitation for drinking water. It is affecting millions of children and their health, especially those girls who are menstruating. There is a shortage of basic sanitation services worldwide, affecting more than 2 billion people.
For women delivering a child under the lack of sanitation services can be fatal for mother and child.
827000 people die every year who are low and middle-income and not able to afford inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene, representing 60% of total diarrhoeal deaths. Poor sanitation is believed to be the main cause of some 432 000 of these deaths.
9. Drugs and Alcohol
Alcohol and drugs damage your both physical and mental health such as liver damage, cancer, cognitive impairment, memory loss, psychosis, anxiety, and depression.
Using Drugs and alcohol for a long time can make you mentally unstable. Drugs make you unhealthy, and you can try to harm yourself, and you might be dangerous for your life.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), every year about 3 million people die because of using alcohol. In simple words, alcohol is the cause of 5.3% of human death. 1 in every 20 deaths in the world is the result of alcohol-related illness, injury, accident, homicide, or suicide.
Every year about 0.5 million people die from drug abuse. In these deaths, more than 70% related to opioids and 30% of deaths are causes of overdose.
Literacy is the ability to understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.
But the fact is, literacy is not limited to reading and writing. The real meaning of literacy is when a person is matured and able to take interpersonal and intrapersonal decisions, who has knowledge of society and civil rights, etc.
The global adult literacy rate was 86% in 2016, while the youth literacy rate was 91%. According to UIS data, the majority of countries missed the Education for All (EFA) goal of reducing adult illiteracy rates by 50% between 2000 and 2015.
These are the major social issues that matters in our society. We need to focus on these issues and try our best to solve them.
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